Understanding different types of CBD: Full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate

By Lilly Murnane

Alta Tahini Bites are made with full spectrum CBD and tested by a third party lab to ensure accuracy and dosing. But what does this mean? We are passionate about CBD and will explain what full spectrum CBD is as well as the other types of CBD (broad spectrum and isolate) and the differences between them. We will also explain why third party testing is so important.

What is CBD?

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis sativa plant, which is also known as marijuana or hemp. It's a naturally occurring substance, used in products like Alta Tahini Bites, known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties. Unlike its cousin, THC, which is the major active ingredient in marijuana, CBD is not intoxicating: it will not get you high.  

What is full spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum CBD, also known as whole plant CBD, includes all minor cannabinoids from the hemp plant as well as flavinoids and terpenes. While full spectrum extracts do include THC, the legal limit of THC in hemp extracts is 0.3%. This trace amount will not get you high; however, presence of THC, even at this tiny concentration, is needed for what herbalists refer to as the “entourage effect”. The entourage effect is a phenomenon where functional components of the extract, like CBD, work synergistically in the body, allowing them to work effectively at smaller concentrations than if they were used alone. It also allows for the full range of potential benefits to be experienced as opposed to taking one specific cannabinoid for one specific issue. For example, other identifiable cannabinoids are CBC, CBN and CBG. All are known to have specific health benefits such as improving brain function, mood, sleep, inflammation and pain. The therapeutic effects of cannabis are most powerful when the whole plant is used and all beneficial compounds work together. Full spectrum is the most optimal form of CBD. It undergoes the least amount of processing. This is why Alta Goods uses full spectrum CBD derived from organic hemp in our Tahini Bites. 

What is broad spectrum CBD?

Broad spectrum CBD is very similar to full spectrum CBD with one exception. Broad spectrum extracts contain multiple cannabinoids and are thought to produce the entourage effect, as well. However, broad spectrum extracts do not contain THC. THC compounds are removed in a refinement that separates the THC fraction of the extract, allowing it to be removed. The remaining cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavinoids are included in the extract. Third-party testing will verify that THC has been removed from broad spectrum hemp extracts. Broad spectrum extracts are a great choice if drug tests for THC use are a concern.

What is CBD isolate? 

Isolate refers to a CBD that has been completely isolated from the rest of the other compounds in the hemp plant. Like broad spectrum, it does not contain any THC, but it also is missing other, beneficial cannabinoids and the terpenes that help them work. While CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD at 99%, it does not produce the entourage effect. Evidence has also shown that higher doses of CBD isolate are required to provide any benefits. CBD isolate is furthest from the whole plant method. With lower efficacy, CBD isolate has a lower price and tends to be in less demand than full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD.

What is third party testing and why is it so important

The entire CBD industry remains highly unregulated these days, which makes it easy for companies to be deceptive about the quality and potency of their products.The purpose of third party lab testing is to provide an unbiased analysis of CBD products, such as Alta Tahini Bites. These tests are used to indicate the quality, purity, and potency of a CBD sample. It lets you know exactly what you are getting. They test for cannabinoid profiles, terpene profiles, heavy metals, organic solvents and biological contaminants. It’s essential to ensure you know what is in the products you’re consuming, and providing these lab reports is the standard of exceptional quality hemp brands today, like Alta Goods. At Alta, we believe in complete transparency. We provide all lab test results on our website for your convenience, view here. If you have any questions feel free to contact  hello@altagoods.com.

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